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Title: NDC schemes and the labor market: issues and options
Authors: Holzmann, Robert
Robalino, David
Hernan, Winkler
Keywords: Analisi delle politiche
Mercato del lavoro
Invecchiamento della popolazione
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2019
Citation: Holzmann R., Robalino D., Winkler H. (2019), NDC schemes and the labor market: issues and options, Roma, INAPP, WP, n. 25 <>
Abstract: Defined contribution (DC) schemes – whether unfunded or funded – are often considered superior to defined benefit (DB) schemes in their ability to address labor market issues, particular in encouraging formal employment and delayed retirement. Conceptually, the assessment is based on superior incentives to work and save. Yet economic and social realities are more complex. This paper explores design and labor market conditions that potentially constrain DC schemes. The paper concludes that to achieve their conceptual potential, DC schemes require design innovations, including a better integration of basic provisions and complementary labor policies that promote job creation in the formal sector and expand job opportunities during old age.
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